Carole Fritz's research falls within the general theoretical framework of the study of symbolic thought in Homo sapiens sapiens, more particularly in the vast field of reflection that constitutes Paleolithic art (furniture and parietal). The objective is to understand the methods of setting up symbolic representations, from the beginnings of the Aurignacian, and to study their continuity throughout the Upper Paleolithic. Thanks to the study of artistic techniques and the reconstruction of the behavior of the individual and the group around the creative act, she tries to understand the close links that existed between the artist, his work and the group but also between different groups that occupied these same geographic and cultural spaces.
At the same time, she is involved in the development of methods for surveying movable and parietal art using new 3D rendering technologies (cf. Methods of surveying and Restitution, new technologies). It participates in many field activities in the caves: Chauvet (Ardèche), Marsoulas (Haute-Garonne) and Tuc d'Audoubert (Ariège). With Gilles Tosello, she participates in methodological transfer missions in Egypt on the excavations of Alain Zivie (CNRS, MAFB) in Saqqara (tombs of the 18th dynasty). They also organize CNRS training workshops on techniques for studying rock and movable art "From the cave to the laboratory". This workshop was developed in collaboration with the University of Witswatersand (GDRI STAR) and training courses in South Africa.